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Replicas


From:
Yaroslavl region.
Time:
the seventeenth century.
Made by
Irina Zhoukova.

This shirt copies authentic items presented at two prominent Russian museums: Moscow State Museum of History and Yaroslavl Historic Monument The authentic shirt is made of kise'a (thin and fine cotton). We applied a fabric-made muslin here. Of course, we kept all cut and fashion features of the original..
more info >>>>>


From:
Mogilev region, Cherikov district.
Time:
1850s-1870s.
Age group of a wearer:
15-20 years old.
Made by
Irina Zhoukova.

the original of this work belongs to a collection of Russia State Museum of Ethnography (Saint-Petersburg). We made an exact copy of the cut and style of an authentic outfit, but used new fabrics, for sure.
The outfit consists of...
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Made by Irina Zhoukova
From:
Altay region.
Time:
1850s.
Ethnicity:
Russians-"polyaki" (old believers).
Age group of a wearer:
15-25 years old.
Social category of a wearer:
unmarried (getting ready to marry) young man from a middle class/wealthy family.


...the bachelor's outfit was required to be rich and attractive - to show to neighbours (practical level of thinking) and spirits of the ancestors (spiritual/religious level) the wealthiness of a family, and the ability to feed one more branch of a family (new-married couple and their children). The whole bachelor's outfit consisted of 15-20 parts...
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Made by Irina Zhoukova
From:
Yaroslavl region.
Time:
1850s.
Age group of a wearer:
pre-teen/teenage girl, from 9-10 years of age to the initiation into the "age of marriage" (15-16 years of age).
Social category of a wearer:
a girl from a family of any wealth.

...around the age of 9, a child changed social category from kid to "otrok" (pre-teen). This transition was reflected in his/her costume. Boys got their first pants and "grown-up-like" hats. For girls there was a special ritual called "Jumping Into a Skirt"...
more info >>>>>



Made by Irina Zhoukova
From:
Yaroslavl region.
Time:
1850s.
Age group of a wearer:
from "the age of marriage" to the end of childbearing age.
Social category of a wearer:
a young bachelorette or a married woman.

from farmers' point of view, Mother Earth literally gives birth to a harvest and spends some of Her power for it. So, harvesting people suppose to give some of their energy back to Mother Earth (as a reward). If they wouldn't do so, nothing would grow next year...
more info >>>>>



Made by Irina Zhoukova.
From:
Vologda region.
Time:
1850s.
Age group of a wearer:
from "the age of marriage" to the end of childbearing age.
Social category of a wearer:
a young bachelorette or a married woman.

...this dress is the ritual outfit ALL village women (married and non-married yet) supposed to be dressed for the first day of harvesting...
more info >>>>>


From:
Vologda region.
Time:
1870s-1890s.
Age group of a wearer:
20-45 years old (from the marriage to the end of childbearing age).
Social category of a wearer:
a married woman.
Embroidery is made by
Margarita A. Kozhina.
The shirt is sewn by
Irina Zhoukova.

in accordance with its ritual purpose (energy exchange between a woman-harvester and the Mother the Damp Earth), the dress is made of a red cloth mostly. The white part is edged with an archaic-style pattern. It consists of...
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Made by Anna Nikolaeva (embroidery)
and Irina Zhoukova
What is this:
Man's shirt decorated with ritual "Kupala" embroidery

the cut of this outfit is a common Russian one. It is a chiton-like shirt the most interesting part of the shirt is the design of embroidery. It is taken from a needlepoint collection published by an ethnographer K.Dalmatov in 1896
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Made by Irina Zhoukova.
From:
Ust-Zilma region (North-West Russia)
Time:
1780s.
Age group of a wearer:
a woman of childbearing age.
Social category of a wearer:
married woman.



Made by Irina Zhoukova
From:
Kursk region, Plekhovo village.
Time:
1910s-1940s.

a Plekhovo-style sarafan belongs to so-called "round-cut style" - a relatively late type of a cut; it was established after 1860s a distinguished feature of a Plekhovo style are dense folds on the back side of a sarafan
more info >>>>>



Made by
Sonia Krugloff (headdress)
and Irina Zhoukova
From:
Orel region, Bolkhov district, Aleshna village
Time:
1890-1910s.
Age group of a wearer:
from "the age of marriage" to the birth of the first child.
Social category of a wearer:
a young girl or a young married woman.

compare to the paradigm >>>



Made by Nataly Marchouk
From:
Altay region
Time:
1860s.
Ethnicity:
Russians "kerzhaky" (old believers).
Age group of a wearer:
30-50 years old.
Social category of a wearer:
a respectable married man, a head of an extended family.


a wearer could be not so old, but if he was the last adult man in a family, he supposed to wear dark-blue as a sign of his status and responsibilities...
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Made by Sonia Krugloff
From:
Arkhangelsk region, Kargopol district.
Time:
1880s.
Age group of a wearer:
from the first child's birth.
Social category of a wearer:
a young married woman who has at least one child.

...Kargopol-style soroka consists of three parts...
more info >>>>>



Made by
Irina Zhoukova (shirt and sarafan),
and Sonia Krugloff (headdress)
From:
Archangel region.
Time:
1890s.
Age group of a wearer:
18-25 years old (from the first child's birth).
Social category of a wearer:
a young married woman who has at least one child.

to be precise, the outfit represented here combines items, which belong to different parts of the Archangel region...
more info >>>>>



Made by Elena Kurasheva.
From:
Northern Russia.
Time:
1850s.

from farmers' point of view, these earrings resembled a shape of a butterfly
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Made by Irina Zhoukova
From:
the city of Nizhny Novgorod.
Time:
1880s.
Age group of a wearer:
20-40 years old.
Social category of a wearer:
a 2nd(medium)-guild merchant's wife.

...speaking of merchants, among them a pretty interesting clothing style appeared at that time: it combined "the ancectors' fashion", on one hand, and European-like taste in coloring and decoration, on the other hand...
more info >>>>>



Made by Irina Zhoukova
Time:
the 12th-16th century.
Ethnicity:
Russians and Slavs as a whole.
Age group of a wearer:
15-30 years old.
Social category of a wearer:
a village girl/woman.

... such a dress was mandatory for "rusalka" rites. Those rites were dedicated to spirits of trees and rain clouds...
more info >>>>>



Made by Irina Zhoukova
From:
Archangel region, Kargopol district
Time:
1880s.
Age group of a wearer:
25-45 years old.
Social category of a wearer:
a married man.

...this shirt is of an archaic chiton-like design. It is the most common for Slavic and Russian festive shirts. The cut is: a rectangular piece of cloth is folded half-by-half across a warp (along a woof)...
more info >>>>>



Made by Martina Mronga,
a member of "Live action role playing group" - a reenactment group of the Viking period, Germany.
From:
Baltic/Karelian region (eastern Finland/ western Russia).
Time:
900-1000 AD
Ethnicity:
half-Finnish /half-Lapland

in this period of time (900-1000 AD), Baltic region (north-eastern Europe plus north-western Russia) was inhabited by several different ethnic groups: Finno-Ugric peoples (Merya, Ves, Karelians, Laplanders, and others - not Finns themselves), northern Slavs (pre-Russians), and Balts (pre-Lithuanians). Lifestyle of all these peoples was similar, because it was determined by climate conditions and natural resources available. Clothing style of all mentioned peoples was similar also. A wardrobe consisted of same articles, similar in cut, but highly diverse in decoration
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Made by Irina Zhoukova
From:
Kharkov region.
Time:
1870s.
Age group of a wearer:
15-25 years old (before a marriage).
Social category of a wearer:
a village girl.

...when we announced "a Kharkov-style sarafan", our Ukrainian friend replied angrily: "Nonsence! There is no such a thing! Kharkov women have worn poneva-skirts, no sarafans!" Generally speaking, she is right...
more info >>>>>



Made by Irina Zhoukova
What is this:
a boy's shirt
(adapted to contemporary life)


...traditional costume is not an everyday clothes for us anymore. It became just... just costume for special occasions. Therefore we decided not to follow the tradition literally...
more info >>>>>



Made by
Irina Zhoukova (the shirt)
and Sonia Krugloff (the hat)
From:
Baykal Lake region
Time:
1880s.
Ethnicity:
Baykal cossacks.
Age group of a wearer:
10-14 years old.
Social category of a wearer:
pre-teen boy.


...cossacks people felt themselves different from peasants because peasants were enslaved in tsarist's Russia, and cossacks were not. And, cossacks demonstrated this difference in every way of life, including their clothes...
more info >>>>>